Circumstances That Led To Tashkent Agreement

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The Tashkence Agreement was signed between India and Pakistan after the 1965 war. India won the war decisively. VII The Prime Minister of India and the President of Pakistan have agreed that they will instruct their respective authorities to carry out the repatriation of prisoners of war. IX The Prime Minister of India and the President of Pakistan have agreed that the parties will maintain meetings, both at the highest level and at others, on issues of direct concern to both countries. Both sides recognized the need to set up joint Indo-Pakistani forums that will report to their governments to decide on the next steps to be taken. The conference was considered a great success and a statement was issued that hoped to create a framework for lasting peace by declaring[1] that the Indian and Pakistani armed forces would return to their pre-Conflict positions, pre-August lines[1] by February 25, 1966 at the latest; [3] Neither nation would interfere in the internal affairs of the other; economic and diplomatic relations would be restored; There would be an orderly transfer of prisoners of war and the two leaders would strive to improve bilateral relations. [3] Although the Tashkent Declaration was hailed as a great diplomatic success, it did not limit the possibility of a future conflict between India and Pakistan. A possibility that still exists today. The agreement was negotiated by Soviet Prime Minister Alexei Kossygin, who had invited the parties to Tashkent.

The parties agreed to withdraw all armed forces from the posts occupied before August. 5, 1965; re-establish diplomatic relations; and to discuss economic, refugee and other issues. The deal was criticized in India for not containing a non-war pact or renunciation of guerrilla aggression in Kashmir. The Tashkent Declaration was a peace agreement signed on January 10, 1966 between India and Pakistan, which resolved the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965. Peace had been achieved on September 23 thanks to the intervention of external powers that pushed the two nations to a truce, fearing that the conflict would escalate and attract other powers. [1] [2] VI The Prime Minister of India and the President of Pakistan agreed to consider measures to restore economic and trade relations, communications and cultural exchanges between India and Pakistan and to take measures to implement existing agreements between India and Pakistan. II The Prime Minister of India and the President of Pakistan agreed that all armed personnel of the two countries would be withdrawn by 25 February 1966 at the latest from the positions they held before 5 August 1965 and that both parties would respect the ceasefire conditions of the ceasefire line. In accordance with the Tashkent Declaration, ministerial talks were held on 1 and 2 March 1966. Despite the fact that these discussions were unproductive, diplomatic exchanges continued throughout the spring and summer. .

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